Burma Tours, Myanmar Travels

Burma Travels, Myanmar ToursThe country known as Myanmar (Burma) has been in existence for centuries. Naturally, she has been going through up and downs of time along the course of history. Under the leadership of the national heroes, however, the country was usually opulent and peaceful.

In the past, Burma was organized as a strong union in the early 11th century (i.e. Bagan period) by King Anawrahta. It is generally referred to as the first union of Burma. Also in the middle of the 16th century, King Bayinnaung established the second union of Burma that used to be one of the mightiest countries in Asia then. Burma was thirdly unified in 1752 by King Alaungpaya, the founder of the last dynasty of Burma.

On 12 February 1947, all the nationalities were united again. This event is a milestone in the history of Burma. Accordingly, she was able to regain the national unity at least in principle and thus was looked upon as the fourth union. However, she attained the genuine union only in the late 1960 (i.e. nearly 2 decades after independence in 1948) when those internal and external dangers were practically overcome.

Myanmar, known as Burma until 1989, comprising seven states and seven divisions, is one of the most attractive places in Southeast Asia. Covering an area of 261,789 sq. miles, she is the largest country in the region. The population is estimated at 44 million. The coastal districts are usually referred to as Lower Myanmar where as the inland districts are called Upper Myanmar.


There are altogether 135 ethnic groups in the country. These have been co-existing with one another for long time. Kachin, Kaya, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan are regarded as the major groups. Among them, Bamar is the majority: 69% of the total population, thus the country name "Burma" is believed to derived from ‘Bamar’.


A year is generally divided into three seasons: Hot season (from March to May). Rainy season (from June to October). Cold season (from November to February). The rainy season being the longest period of a year, the climate is favorable to cultivation, and consequently agriculture being one of the main activities. The climate also helps the forests grow abundantly and thus a large portion of the country is covered with forests, yielding a wide range of timber and other products.


Buddhism is the faith of the majority. In fact, 80% of the people profess Buddhism. However, there is full freedom of workshop for followers of other religions. Thus, we find Christians, Muslims, Hindus and even animists. Living together peacefully in Myanmar.


Every ethnic group speaks its own language or dialect. But the official language is Myanmar, which is spoken all over the country. English is also widely spoken and understood, especially in the cities like Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan and so on.


On account of Market Oriented Economy initiated since 29th October 1988, Myanmar has been advancing by leaps and bounds in economy. Foreign investment is earnestly invited and the local private sector also is unprecedentedly encouraged. Business can be done in the form of joint venture (either with the government or with local private entrepreneurs). To sum up, Myanmar has reached the golden age through her booming economy.





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